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Symbolic Colors

Elizabeth Cady Stanton and Susan B. Anthony, the matriarchs of First Wave Feminism, adopted gold as their suffrage color while campaigning in Kansas, tying the state flower – the sunflower – to the cause of suffrage. Soon, suffragists sported gold colored sashes, pins, yellow roses and jonquils to show support for the cause.

The British Women’s suffrage movement, which highly influenced American women, usually used purple, green, and white. Although the British colors remained visible throughout the American movement, American suffragists replaced the green with gold.

In contrast, the anti-suffragists adopted red and the red rose as its color and symbol.